Yangon Region


Yangon, the former capital, is the main gateway to Myanmar. It was founded by King Alaungpaya on the site of a small village called Dagon when he conquered Lower Myanmar in 1755. Yangon means 'End of Strife'. In the colonial days, Yangon was anglicized to Rangoon. In 2005, Nay Pyi Taw became the capital of the country, but Yangon remains the main commercial and diplomatic city.

Shwedagon Pagoda
The Shwedagon pagoda is the holiest site for Myanmar Buddhists. It is believed to have been built during Buddha's lifetime - more than 2500 years ago. Four Buddhas became enlightened in our era and each Buddha left a relic: The staff of Kakusandha, the water filter of Kanagamana, a part of the clothes of Kassapa and eight hairs of Gautama were enshrined in the first construction of the pagoda. The great golden dome rises 98 m above its base. The numerous structures around the pagoda are decorated with paintings and sculptures of a high standard. The whole atmosphere of the pagoda is breathtaking.

Sule Pagoda

The Sule Pagode stands right in the city center and surrounded by the strong metropolitan traffic. This pagoda is unusual as it is an octagonal shape, whereas almost all other pagodas throughout the country are a circular shape. The construction was started in 235 BC. Initially the pagoda is called 'Kyaik Athok'. The name comes from the Mon language and indicates that the pagoda harbors a hair and other relics of Buddha brought from India. The current name 'Sule' derives from the 'Sule Bobogyi', the guardian spirit of pagoda.

Botataung Pagoda

The Botataung pagoda is situated in the eastern part of the city. It is hollow, which means that pilgrims can walk around inside it. In the middle of the stupa is an ancient relic chamber which contains the bones and hair of Buddha. The way into the chamber is like a mirrored maze and many of the artifacts are displayed.

Chaukhtatgyi Buddha Image

Chaukhtatgyi is a huge reclining image of Lord Buddha which is housed in a large metal-roofed shed. It is situated only a short distance northeast of the Shwedagon pagoda. It is 72 m long and 26 m high. The Buddha image has eyes made of glass which is unique and looks very impressive. There are a lot of monasteries in the surrounding area.

Kandawgyi Lake

Kandawgyi is a natural lake which is close to the city center. The area around the lake is very pleasant and it's a good place for a stroll. The Western side of the lake is a romantic place for young couples and the Eastern side has a small park and playground for children. The Eastern edge of the lake is the best place to see the sunset.

National Museum

The National Museum, which was founded in 1952, is worth a visit for the historically interested. The five-story museum has an extensive collection of ancient artifacts, ornaments, life-size dolls in national costumes of various peoples, works of art, inscriptions and historical memorabilia related to the history, culture and civilization of the Myanmar people. The highlight is the Lion Throne from the Royal Palace of Mandalay, which now stands in the magnificent central hall on the ground floor of the museum.
National Museum

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